The Technology Integration Matrix (TIM) illustrates how teachers can use technology to enhance learning for K-12 students. The TIM incorporates five interdependent characteristics of meaningful learning environments: active, constructive, goal directed (i.e., reflective), authentic, and collaborative (Jonassen, Howland, Moore, & Marra, 2003). The TIM associates five levels of technology integration (i.e., entry, adoption, adaptation, infusion, and transformation) with each of the five characteristics of meaningful learning environments. Together, the five levels of technology integration and the five characteristics of meaningful learning environments create a matrix of 25 cells as illustrated below.
Levels of Technology Integration into the Curriculum
The teacher begins to use technology tools to deliver curriculum content to students.
The teacher directs students in the conventional and procedural use of technology tools.
The teacher facilitates students in exploring and independently using technology tools.
The teacher provides the learning context and the students choose the technology tools to achieve the outcome.
The teacher encourages the innovative use of technology tools. Technology tools are used to facilitate higher order learning activities that may not have been possible without the use of technology.